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The Gospel of Matthew

Sermon on the Mount – Discussion Questions

Interpretation Questions:

  1. What is the force of the imagery that appears throughout the Sermon? Does it reinforce or distract from the ethical teaching?
  2. Of the law and prophets, Jesus says, “I have come not to abolish but to fulfill” (5:17b). How do you understand the relationship of Jesus’ teachings in Matthew to the ethical teachings found in the Old Testament?
  3. What is the image of Jesus that emerges from this summary of his teaching?

Application Questions:

  1. What are the fundamental values or virtues that you take from the Sermon on the Mount?
  2. Should we look for ourselves in the Beatitudes (5:1-11)? Is there a particular category of the “blessed” with which you identify?
  3. What are the most challenging teachings of Jesus in the Sermon?

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Take notes on this lesson

One Note

  1. Ed

    1. It reinforces it. Jesus is portrayed as the New Moses, giving the law of the New Covenant from a mountain. The Beatitudes and moral explanation parallel the Decalogue and all of the statutes found in Exodus, Leviticus, and Deuteronomy.
    2. They are all based on the principle found in the SHEMA: to love God and neighbor as you love ypurself.
    3. The admonition to love your enemies and the prohibition (with an exception) against divorce.

    1. I take the virtue of self sacrifice to be the most important. Love is presented by Jesus as a decision to care for others, no matter what the cost.
    2. I sometimes find myself identifying with those who are persecuted for righteousness sake when others marginalize my stances on personal morality and life issues.
    3. Jesus is not only the Great Teacher, but is also the compassionate savior. (Sorry, I reversed the #3s!)